X Welcome to International Affairs Forum

International Affairs Forum a platform to encourage a more complete understanding of the world's opinions on international relations and economics. It presents a cross-section of all-partisan mainstream content, from left to right and across the world.

By reading International Affairs Forum, not only explore pieces you agree with but pieces you don't agree with. Read the other side, challenge yourself, analyze, and share pieces with others. Most importantly, analyze the issues and discuss them civilly with others.

And, yes, send us your essay or editorial! Students are encouraged to participate.

Please enter and join the many International Affairs Forum participants who seek a better path toward addressing world issues.
Sat. April 20, 2019
Get Published   |   About Us   |   Support Us   | Login
International Affairs Forum
IAF Articles
A Small-Town Contest in India Highlights the Need for Infrastructure Investment
Comments (26)

Recently, a small town named Barielly in India hosted a beauty pageant—with a twist. The contest was for the best toilet, and about 1,800 villages took part.

Satyendra Kumar, a Chief Development Officer in the region, said, “During visits to villages, we often found toilets were in bad shape. We decided to organize a toilet contest to motivate villagers to improve [the] quality of toilets.” When the contest was announced, the villagers went all out to give their toilets a makeover. They hung new doors and attached designer tiles, and on the day of the pageant the toilets were adorned in bright colors and decorated with balloons and flowers.

The winners were proud, and the excitement and celebrations of the villagers continued well after the event. In India, such initiatives have become more common, and bureaucrats often travel to remote villages that have achieved “open defecation free” (ODF) status to congratulate the villagers. To encourage their continued success, the Government of India provides assistance to help sustain such initiatives.More than 2.6 billion people on the planet still live without access to necessary sewage and sanitation facilities. India is no doubt the biggest offender, with more than 700 million people lacking access to basic sanitation facilities. It’s succeeded by China with more than 600 million, followed by Indonesia, Pakistan, Nigeria, Bangladesh, and Ethiopia.

This lack of sanitation facilities deprives people of basic human rights and dignity—and it’s an even larger problem for women and girls. On top of that, a lack of proper sanitation and sewage maintenance can lead to the contamination of drinking water. Globally, at least two billion people use drinking water contaminated with feces, which can transmit illnesses and disease, including diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, and polio. Contaminated drinking water is estimated to cause 502,000 diarrheal deaths each year, of which children make up the largest proportion of victims.

The chief cause of poor infrastructure in these regions, no doubt, is underdevelopment and poverty. In poor countries with low per capita income, resources are limited, and infrastructure is often in shambles. Drainage and sewage systems are rudimentary, and cities and villages lack any urban planning or basic infrastructure. Billions of people in the world live in slum-like conditions with few resources and without the opportunity to improve their situation.

The long-term solution lies in overall macroeconomic development, in addition to a stable and progressive political environment in each respective country. The problem has become severe in underdeveloped countries, which will require guidance on how to improve their systems of infrastructure into the future. The political environment in a developing country is often unstable—its leaders are often unsure of the way forward, and the nation tends to develop in a rather haphazard manner. Instead, leaders need to focus on organized and planned development, borrowing from the wealth of knowledge about urban planning in developed countries. All of that will ultimately require long-term government-driven urban planning and infrastructure development to establish basic drainage, sewage, and water provision systems.

In the short-term, multiple private initiatives have had good results. Several communities have engaged in self-improvement programs to better their living conditions with the encouragement of progressive governments and bureaucrats. On top of that, the improvement of sanitation and drinking water provision has been incorporated into the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals, with support from the World Health Organization and the World Bank. Billionaire philanthropist Bill Gates has even invented a toilet design that can be used without the typical drainage infrastructure, investing billions to create innovative solutions to such problems.  

With sustained global and local initiatives and increased funding, water and sanitation facilities have improved for millions of people around the world in recent years. These are important goals for developing countries, and while piecemeal solutions have been applied, a more concerted approach is necessary. Investment in infrastructure is essential to improve the basic livelihood of billions of people. Though developing nations are no doubt constrained by limited resources, the problem is also caused by a lack of focus. Infrastructure investment needs to be targeted beyond just industrial development, ensuring that the population’s basic need for water and sanitation are met.

Clean, sanitary environments, access to safe drinking water, and dignified sanitation systems are fundamental human rights—but are deprived to about 30–40 percent of the world population. Better planning and investment in infrastructure are core parts of the solution. With a stronger strategic approach, the world can provide access to safe drinking water and improved sanitation for everyone.

Anuradha Kataria is an author of a book and editorials on International Affairs. She is an Indian residing in Gurgaon, India. She graduated from Delhi University with Bachelors and Masters Degrees in Botany, Education and Business Administration. She may be contacted on anukat3@gmail.com.  

Comments in Chronological order (26 total comments)

Report Abuse
Sun, December 16, 2018 04:31 PM (about 2993 hours ago)
Hello there! a href=http://cialissmx.com/order tadalafil/a a href=http://propeciausfinasteridhq.com/propecia/a a href=http://cialissmx.com/how many ci
Sun, December 16, 2018 08:43 PM (about 2989 hours ago)
Hi there! a href=http://cialissmx.com/buy tadalafil no prescription/a a href=http://propeciausfinasteridhq.com/order propecia/a a href=http://cialissm
Wed, December 19, 2018 06:37 AM (about 2931 hours ago)
????????????! ?????????? ? ??? ????!
????? ?????????? ???? ????: b ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????? /b a href=http://inspacefilm.ru/
Thu, December 20, 2018 10:21 AM (about 2904 hours ago)
The supreme goal of making love is to reach an orgasm for both the genders. Unlike guys, ladies require long period of times of foreplay to reach it.
Thu, December 20, 2018 11:45 PM (about 2890 hours ago)
???? ??????! ??????? ? ??? ????!
????? ??????? ???? ????: b ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????????? ???????? ???????? /b a href=http://kinokub.net/h
Fri, December 21, 2018 11:43 AM (about 2878 hours ago)
viagra 50mg com 8 comprimidos http://canadian-pharmacyus.com
Fri, December 21, 2018 07:55 PM (about 2870 hours ago)
Google has on outside with its picks for the cap a href=http://888google.comgoogle/a Android apps of the year and its choices dominion knock someone
Sat, December 22, 2018 01:44 PM (about 2852 hours ago)
discount erectile dysfunction [url=http://toperectiledysfunctionpills.com]erectile dysfunction[/url], erectile capacity [url=http://toperectiledysfu
Sun, December 23, 2018 12:03 AM (about 2842 hours ago)

This is may depend from implementation front-rank equipment park,technology,equipment,algorithm,cleaning,methods,equipment,components,mechanisms a
Sun, December 23, 2018 06:55 AM (about 2835 hours ago)
??????????? ????!
????? ?????????? ????? ?? ???? ?????: http://okaybro.ru :
a href=http://okaybro.ru/dizajn/??????????? ??????/a ?????? ????????
Sun, December 23, 2018 07:07 AM (about 2835 hours ago)
Online dating apps:
a href=http://mebergo.cf/porn-moviesa-526134.htmlBlack lesbian online dating/a a href=http://rcockhalls.cf/audult-porn-games-507
Mon, December 24, 2018 09:17 AM (about 2809 hours ago)
Elton John is my favourite musician of the world. http://horoscopingthebooty.tumblr.com
Tue, December 25, 2018 06:31 AM (about 2787 hours ago)
a href=https://aquamanfull.pw/Aquaman 2018/a
a href=https://aquamanfull.pw/Aquaman Trailer/a
a href=https://aquamanfull.pw/Aquaman 2018 Full Movie
Tue, December 25, 2018 07:05 PM (about 2775 hours ago)

Hey would you mind sharing which blog platform you're working with? I'm planning to start my own blog in the near future but I'm having a hard time
Wed, December 26, 2018 09:05 PM (about 2749 hours ago)
????? ???????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ?????: http://okaybro.ru :
a href=http://okaybro.ru/novosti-shou-biznesa/??? ?????? ???????
Sat, December 29, 2018 01:20 AM (about 2697 hours ago)

This is may depend from implementation front-rank equipment park,technology,equipment,algorithm,cleaning,methods,equipment,components,mechanisms a
Sat, December 29, 2018 07:35 PM (about 2678 hours ago)
?????? ????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ?? http://onebetbest.com/push.php - ??? ???????????.
??? ???????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??
Sun, December 30, 2018 02:10 AM (about 2672 hours ago)
Levitra Dosage Instructions a href=http://aaost.comcialis 5 mg best price usa/a Online Pharmacies That Sell Misoprostol Comparativa Precio Viagra Ge
Wed, January 02, 2019 02:24 AM (about 2600 hours ago)
Is it possible to watch Chaos Walking with a friend over xbox live without Netflix?

a href=https://chaoswalkingfullonline.com/Chaos Walking full m
Wed, January 02, 2019 06:17 PM (about 2584 hours ago)
???? ??????!
????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ?????: http://watafak.ru :
a href=http://watafak.ru/art_iskusstvo/??? ????/a ??? ????????
Fri, January 04, 2019 01:49 AM (about 2552 hours ago)
????? ??????? ? ???? ?? ???? ?????: http://himaan.ru :
???? ????? ??????? http://himaan.ru/prikoli_umor/
a href=http://himaan.ru/gifki-
Sun, January 06, 2019 06:55 PM (about 2487 hours ago)
?????? ????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ?? http://onebetbest.com/push.php - ??? ???????????.
??? ???????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ??
Tue, January 08, 2019 12:52 PM (about 2445 hours ago)
??????! ??????? ? ??? ????!
????? ??????? ? ????:
http://enewz.ru/2191-energetiki-nedovolny-zelenymi-pravilami.html b ?????????? ?????????? «?????
Thu, January 10, 2019 03:36 PM (about 2394 hours ago)
Visitors to Spa can find many questionnaires massage therapist of any age and nationality performing body work massage in the city Manhattan.

Tue, March 26, 2019 09:25 AM (about 601 hours ago)
Starting a video game blog site in fact isn't tough whatsoever. Staring a blog site as a whole is quite very easy. Specifically with something as stra
Sat, April 20, 2019 02:41 AM (about 7 hours ago)
a href=https://cubefield2unblocked.info/Cubefield 2 Unblocked/a is a spaceship distance video game control your arrowhead formed drifting lorry throug
Contact Us | About Us | Support Us | Terms & Conditions Twitter Facebook Get Alerts Get Published

All Rights Reserved. Copyright 2002 - 2019